The technical preparation of the Regia Marina seemed,
at first look, in line with the times and the other powers.
||There were made, between years '20 and the end of
years '30 many progresses in the ships' direction of shooting, and
it was been adopted good mechanized systems of targeting, good clinometers
The adoption of great searchlights remote controlled,
the equipment of illuminating shells, let alone the reduced blaze charges
for the small guns and medium-caliber guns, gave the feeling of being
on the same level with other Navy also in regard of the nocturnal combat.
This feeling of being technically prepared for modern
aspects of war was found also in the field of submarines, thanks to
the last types of torpedo of national construction, to the depth charges
with an high increased explosive load and the automatic mines with anchorage
systems capable to operate at great depth.
Unfortunately, in practical action, the Regia Marina,
after painful directed experiences, had to find that existed serious
gaps in its technical-scientific preparation, to which not always could
be placed remedy in the course of the war, for the insufficient technical
and industrial potentiality of Italy at the time.
It is a great pity that, before the entrance in war, the
Italian Navy has not made treasure of the German war experience. Unfortunately
it lacked, like already said for the submarines, every useful exchange
of technical information between the two Navy, before and after the
participation of Italy in the common war.
It is also true that all Navy were introduced to the beginning
of the war with various technical disadvantages; just for example the
torpedo operation, for Germans as Americans, had, for the first months
of war, an uncertain and erratic operation, until that problem was fixed.
However such technical deficiencies weighed little less in other Countries
that not in Italy, because these Countries were much more developed
in industrial organizations than Italy, and they did not have that lack
of raw materials that negatively characterized the development of the
industrial war activity of Italy.
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